The constitution of India envisages the establishment of new social
order based on equality, freedom, justice and dignity of the individual.
It aims at the elimination of poverty, ignorance and ill-health and
directs the State with regard to raising the level of nutrition and the
standard of living of the people, securing the health and strength of
workers, men and women, and especially ensuring that children are given
opportunities to develop in a healthy manner.
Strictly to the tune of constitutional directives and sincerely to the
commitment for "Health for All", the main functions of the department
may be precisely summed up as curative, preventive and promotive
services. Healthy people, having sound physique and mental development
provide a firm foundation for the national development. Whatever is
spent on the improvement for invigorating human resources for higher
productivity in every sphere of socio-economic development.
The Health and Family Welfare Department is committed to provide
preventive, promotive and curative Health Services to the people of the
State through a good net-work of medical institutions such as
sub-centers, subsidiary health centers (dispensaries/Clinics etc.),
primary health centers, community health centers, Sub-Divisional and
Distt. Hospitals, Government Medical & Dental Colleges (attached
Primary Health Care
Primary Health Care
Services in the rural areas of the State are provided through a net work
of Medical Institutions comprising of Sub- Centers (2950) i.e. each for
approximately 5000 population, SHCs/Rural Dispensaries/Clinics (1336)
i.e. each f or approximately 10000 population, PHCs (395) i.e. each for
approximately 30000 population and CHCs (129) i.e. each for
approximately 100000 population. Under Alternative Health Care Delivery
System, 1187 subsidiary health centers (rural dispensaries have been
transferred to department of Rural Development and Panchayats. Where
rural medical officers i.e. service providers (doctors) have been
appointed by the Zila Parishad. For the promotion of Indian Systems of
Medicine & Homoeopathy (AYUSH), 507 Ayurvedic /Unani dispensaries, 17
Ayurvedic Swasth Kendra's, 5 Ayurvedic Hospitals, one Govt. Ayurvedic
college at Patiala and 107 Homoeopathic dispensaries are functioning in
The various National and State Health Programmes which have been
launched to provide Primary Health Care include a crusade against
Malaria, Tuberculosis, Blindness, Leprosy and AIDS. All the programs
have been successfully implemented in the State.
Secondary Level Health
While the CHCs established in rural areas serve as the first level of
referral services, the Hospitals at Sub-Divisional level and District
Hospitals serve as secondary level of health care system and give
support to the services being provided in the Primary Health Care
System. Since CHCs in a way also provide specialist services, these can
be considered as a part of the secondary level health care system.
Hospital Services at the secondary level play a vital and complementary
role to the Primary Health Care System and together form a comprehensive
district based health care system. A health care system based on PHC
cannot exist without a network of hospitals with responsibilities for
supporting primary care and hospital care. Both are essential part of a
well-integrated health care system.
Tertiary Level Health
Tertiary level health
care services are provided in the State by the specialized hospitals and
hospitals attached to State Medical Colleges. These institutions besides
providing support to the secondary level health care system, are
expected to carry out research and manpower development for the health
services of the State.
Delivery of Family
In order to provide
Family Planning Services in the urban areas, 23 Urban Family Planning
Centers, 64 Urban Revamping Centers and 52 Post Partum Units are
functioning in the State.